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Osteoporosis PIL
Drugs you were Given Uses How to take the medication Common Side Effects Precautions
Calcium / Vitamin D
  • Calcium supplements are required when dietary calcium intake is insufficient. In osteoporosis, sufficient calcium intake is necessary to reduce the rate of bone loss.
  • Vitamin D aids in the absorption of Calcium.
  • Take after food as directed by your doctor.
  • How much calcium you need is dependent on your age, gender, diet, medications you are on and bone mineral density.
  • Women >50 years old require 1200mg – 1500mg of elemental calcium.
  • Mild stomach upset, constipation
  • If you are on any other medications please inform your doctor or your pharmacist. Calcium may interact with several medications.
  • Note: Calcium carbonate is a salt form of Calcium, it only contains 40% of elemental calcium
Biphosphonates
  • Alendronate
  • Risedronate
  • Reduces breakdown of bone.
  • Used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and Paget’s disease. (a bone weakening disorder)
  • Take this medication with a full glass of plain water (about 250ml) first thing in the morning at least 30 minutes before consuming any food or beverage.
  • Do not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking the medication.
  • If you are on the once weekly preparation, take the tablet on the same day every week.
  • Stomach pain, stomach fullness, gas, constipation, headache.
  • If you experience difficulty swallowing, new or worsening heartburn, or pain on swallowing, please seek medical advice.
  • Take all other oral medications at least 30 minutes after taking this medication.
  • Take calcium, iron supplements and antacids at least 2 hours after taking this medication.


- Last updated 8 Jul 2013,10:02 am




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